Salvador Dali (1904 - 1989) was an important artist of the surrealist movement, in the first half of the 20th Century
The painter with his strong personality, had a key role in contemporary culture and has become a universal genius, and is a good example of a man that is inseparable from its region, the Empordà and the landscape of Cap de Creus in northern Catalonia. He was born in Figueres and studied at the School of Fine Arts in Madrid. There he met with a range of emerging, intellectual personalities of the time, as the filmmaker Luis Buñuel and the poet Federico Garcia Lorca. He discovered Cubism, Futurism, metaphysical painting, photography and film and explored all the possibilities. After an exhibition in Barcelona in 1925 and in Madrid in 1926, Dali went to Paris where he met Picasso and detected the Surrealist movement.
Dali spent his summers in Cadaques, where his father was born and lots of his friends from the Madrid and Paris came to this little village.
Especially Paul Eluard, who came with his wife Gala.
When Dali came into conflict with the Surrealist movement, he settled in 1940 in the United States where he was developing his creative talent, achieved a considerable success, and influenced the fashion and advertising world. He also designed clothes and scenery for several ballets. The artist, who was always closely connected with his native bought at the height of his fame a few fishermen's houses in the small bay of Portlligat, near Cadaques, which he converted into his home and studio. From then on he alternated between the Costa Brava but also in cities like Paris and New York.
Finally, at the end of his life, he chose to stay in Catalonia and donated a Castle to Gala. This was his promise to make her a "queen of a castle"
This Púbol Castle, in the municipality of La Pera, close to La Bisbal de L'Emporda, is the house where Gala lived and the story goes that, the painter was not allowed inside the castle without a written permission of Gala herself.
In 1974, Dali's dream became reality and he opened his Theatre-Museum in Figueres, the Dali museum, this museum contains a varied collection of his work that reflects his entire artistic career. In reality, the museum is also a masterpiece of the genius because it was designed by the artist himself. Now It is one of the most visited museums in Spain.
After the death of Gala and later Salavdor Dali, the Foundation Gala Salvador Dali was created that now manages Dalies Triangle: The Theatre Museum in Figueres, Castle Púbol House and Museum in Cadaques. In this museum visitors can explore the artistic and human personality of the artist while enjoying the beautiful surroundings.
The different collections managed by the Gala-Salvador Dalí Foundation include all kinds of works of art: painting, drawing, sculpture, engraving, installation, hologram, stereoscopy, photography, etc., up to a quantity of some 4,000 pieces. Of these, some 1,500 are on show in the Dalí Theatre-Museum Dalí of Figueres.
The name Dalí Theatre-Museum covers three differentiated museum spaces, which propose a free and personal route around its rooms:
1) The Theatre-Museum itself, formed by the old burnt-out theatre converted into a Theatre-Museum based on the criteria and design of Salvador Dalí himself. This series of spaces form a single artistic object where each element is an inextricable part of the whole.
2) The group of rooms resulting from the progressive enlargements of the Theatre-Museum, where Dalí’s personal intervention is either testimonial or non-existent. These galleries are located in the Torre Galatea, are they feature several works from the Dalí legacy, as well as some of the new acquisitions made by the Foundation.
3) The gallery Dalí · Jewels, inaugurated in 2001, which includes the thirty-seven gold jewels set with gems of the old Owen Cheatham Collection, two jewels made later, and twenty-seven drawings and paintings on paper that Salvador Dalí made when designing the jewels.
Pubol itself is a tiny romantic village in the middle of Catalalunya. The centre of village is Casa Museu Castell Gala-Dali, castlle that Dali presented to his muse Gala - Helena Dimitriovnie Diakonova and the church at the highest point.
The Placa Major (main square) still has a clothes washing place, buildings of Gothic-Renaissance structure and a stone bench on which the Catalan popular music band would sit on main festival days.
The castle has the appearance of a small Gothic Renaissance palace without heavy fortification. Some of the structures from 14th and 16th centuries remain, but have been largely disfigured by refurbishment work done in later periods.
Escape the madness-sort of-by driving to Pubol. The highlight of Pubol village is a castle that Dali purchased for his wife, Gala, in the 1960s. Dali was permitted to visit the castle only at Gala's invitation; years went by before one was extended. Gala's tomb is in the castle's basement. The lovely gardens outside the castle, with a few of Dali's spindly elephant sculptures keeping company with lush greenery and trees, stand in stark contrast to the madness of Dali's world.
The building was left in a state of ruin until 1970, when it was bought by Salvador Dali as a present for his wife Gala. It was partly restored and redecorated by Dali himself and prepared themselves a double tomb there.
Gala died first and years later was laid to rest in the Dali Museum in Figueres. Legend has it that Gala awaits him still.
Port Lligat is on the outskirts of Cadaqués in the north of the Costa Brava. It is a natural, sheltered harbour and serves as the entry point to the protected Cap de Creus National Park, renowned for its flora and fauna and amazing geological rock formations, which can be seen as a major influence in Salvador Dalí’s work. Cap de Creus is the only nature reserve in Spain that covers both land and sea. A protected area of some 90 hectares, it forms the largest uninhabited area in the Spanish Mediterranean. Fauna and flora of the area are quite unique and comprise a variety of very rare species of sea-birds in danger of extinction. The rocky coast is continually broken up by small bays, many of which are only accessible on foot or by boat and the area around the Cap is renowned as an underwater paradise for divers.
Dalí lived and painted here until the death of Gala, his wife and muse, in 1982. Bought in 1932 and extended over the years, Dalí’s house is just a short stroll from Ses Vistes. After his death it became a museum in 1997 and is maintained much as it was when Dalí and Gala lived and famously entertained there. Dalí loved the place, claiming that, as the eastern most point of the Pensinsula, he was the first person to see the sun rise every morning over Spain. Now, anyone staying at Ses Vistes can enjoy the same experience.
The Cap Creus since May 1998 declared as a nature reserve, lies by the sea as well as on land. By the sea the area begins at the land point of Bol Nou near the Cala Tamariu within the region of Port de la Selva and ends just before Roses at the land point of (kat. Punta) Falconera. Fishing with nets is forbidden within this area, in some zones, however fishing in the traditional way with staggered arrays or the " Palangre " is permitted. The protected area on land covers an space of scarcely 90 hectares. Fauna and Flora are equally protected . The majority of the area, i.e. 40 hectares, lies within Port de la Selva
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